Meetpal S. Kukal, Ph.D.

Meetpal S. Kukal, Ph.D.

  • Assistant Research Professor of Agricultural and Biological Engineering
224 Ag Engineering Building
Shortlidge Road

University Park, PA 16802

Areas of Expertise

  • Agricultural water management & agrohydrology
  • Irrigation science, management, & engineering
  • Sense & model water fluxes in soil-plant-atmospheric continuum
  • Evapotranspiration & its physiological and environmental controls
  • Precision water & nutrient management
  • Agricultural resource (water, radiation, nutrient) use efficiency
  • Agrometeorology; Climate sensitivity & resiliency of ag systems
  • GIS & Remote Sensing applications in agricultural & natural resources

Education

  • Ph.D. Biological Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2019
  • M.S. Agricultural and Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2015
  • B.Tech. Agricultural Engineering, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, 2013

Appointment

Research: 75%
Extension: 25%

Research Publications

Water Use Characteristics of Weeds: A Global Review, Best Practices, and Future Directions, 2022.

Frontiers in Plant Science

Singh, Mandeep; Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, Suat; Jhala, Amit

Maize response to coupled irrigation and nitrogen fertilization under center pivot, subsurface drip and surface (furrow) irrigation: Growth, development and productivity, 2022.

Agricultural Water Management

Irmak, S.; Mohammed, A.T.; Kukal, M.S.

Multi-model projections of trade-offs between irrigated and rainfed maize yields under changing climate and future emission scenarios, 2022.

Agricultural Water Management

Irmak, Suat; Sandhu, Rupinder; Kukal, M.S.

Growth phase-specific evaporative demand and nighttime temperatures determine Maize (Zea Mays L.) yield deviations as revealed from a long-term field experiment, 2021.

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

Singh, Arshdeep; Kukal, M.S.; Shapiro, Charles A; Snow, Daniel D; Irmak, Suat; Iqbal, Javed

Propagation of soil moisture sensing uncertainty into estimation of total soil water, evapotranspiration and irrigation decision-making, 2021.

Agricultural Water Management

Sharma, Kiran; Irmak, Suat; Kukal, M.S.

Evaluation of Soil Moisture Sensing Technologies in Silt Loam and Loamy Sand Soils: Assessment of Performance, Temperature Sensitivity and Site-and Sensor-Specific Calibration Functions, 2021.

Transactions of the ASABE

Sharma, Kiran; Irmak, Suat; Kukal, M.S.; Vuran, Mehmet Can; Jhala, Amit J; Qiao, Xin

Characterization of water use and productivity dynamics across four C3 and C4 row crops under optimal growth conditions, 2020

Agricultural Water Management

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Light interactions, use and efficiency in row crop canopies under optimal growth conditions, 2020

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Development and application of a performance and operational feasibility guide to facilitate adoption of soil moisture sensors, 2020

Sustainability

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Evidence of arithmetical uncertainty in estimation of light and water use efficiency, 2020

Sustainability

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Impact of irrigation on interannual variability in United States agricultural productivity, 2020

Agricultural Water Management

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Spatio‐temporal calibration of Hargreaves‐Samani model to estimate reference evapotranspiration across US High Plains, 2020

Agronomy Journal

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S; Walia, H; Odhiambo, L; 

Interrelationships between water use efficiency and light use efficiency in four row crop canopies, 2020

Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Disk-till vs. no-till maize evapotranspiration, microclimate, grain yield, production functions and water productivity, 2019

Agricultural water management

Irmak, Suat; Kukal, M.S.; Mohammed, Ali T; Djaman, Koffi;

Comparative canopy growth dynamics in four row crops and their relationships with allometric and environmental determinants, 2019

Agronomy Journal

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Irrigation-limited yield gaps: Trends and variability in the United States post-1950, 2019

Environmental Research Communications

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S. 

Disk-till vs. no-till maize grass-and alfalfa-reference single (average) and basal (dual) crop coefficients, 2019

Agricultural Water Management

Irmak, S; Kukal, M.S.

Development and application of a performance and operational feasibility guide to facilitate adoption of soil moisture sensors, 2019

Sustainability

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, Suat; Sharma, Kiran;

Climate-driven crop yield and yield variability and climate change impacts on the US Great Plains agricultural production, 2018

Scientific reports

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

US agro-climate in 20th century: growing degree days, first and last frost, growing season length, and impacts on crop yields, 2018

Scientific reports

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Spatial and temporal changes in maize and soybean grain yield, precipitation use efficiency, and crop water productivity in the us great plains, 2017

Transactions of the ASABE

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Long-term spatial and temporal maize and soybean evapotranspiration trends derived from ground-based and satellite-based datasets over the Great Plains, 2017

Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, Suat; Kilic, Ayse;

Long-term patterns of air temperatures, daily temperature range, precipitation, grass-reference evapotranspiration and aridity index in the USA great plains: Part II. Temporal trends, 2016

Journal of Hydrology

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Long-term patterns of air temperatures, daily temperature range, precipitation, grass-reference evapotranspiration and aridity index in the USA great plains: Part I. Spatial trends, 2016

Journal of Hydrology

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Standardization of automated Vario EL III CHNS analyzer for total carbon and nitrogen determination in plants, 2015

Communications in soil science and plant analysis

Dhaliwal, GS; Gupta, Naveen; Kukal, SS; Meetpal-Singh

Extension Publications

Observed Space and Time Changes in Air Temperatures and Daily Temperature Range for the Counties in the US Great Plains from 1968 to 2013, 2016

Nebraska Extension Circular EC3009

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Spatial And Temporal Changes In Grass-­Reference Evapotranspiration across 800 US Great Plains Counties from 1968 to 2013, 2017

Nebraska Extension Circular EC3022

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Patterns and Magnitudes of Spatial and Temporal Changes in Precipitation and Aridity Across 800 Great Plains Counties, 2018

Nebraska Extension Circular EC3025

Kukal, M.S.; Irmak, S.

Publications

Automated real-time irrigation analytics inform diversity in regional irrigator behavior and water withdrawal and use characteristics
Agricultural Water Management, Irmak, Suat, Brar, Dilshad, Kukal, Meetpal S., Odhiambo, Lameck, Djaman, Koffi, 2022

Spatial Patterns and Magnitudes of Agriculturally Pertinent Climate Indicators across Agroecosystems in Türkiye
Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Irmak, Suat, Kukal, Meetpal S., Topcu, Sevilay, 2022

Water Use Characteristics of Weeds: A Global Review, Best Practices, and Future Directions
Frontiers in Plant Science, Singh, Mandeep, Kukal, Meetpal Singh, Irmak, Suat, Jhala, Amit J., 2022

Soil moisture heterogeneity and sensor deployment in uniformly managed field with unitextural soil
Journal of Production Agriculture, Irmak, Suat, Kukal, Meetpal S., Sharma, Kiran, 2022

Effect of Water Stress on Weeds Effect of Water Stress on Weed Germination, Growth Characteristics, and Seed Production: A Global Meta-Analysis
Weed Science, Singh, Mandeep, Thapa, Resham, Kukal, Meetpal Singh, Irmak, Suat, Mirsky, Steven, Jhala, Amit J., 2022

Growth phase-specific evaporative demand and nighttime temperatures determine Maize (Zea Mays L.) yield deviations as revealed from a long-term field experiment
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Singh, Arshdeep, Kukal, Meetpal S., Shapiro, Charles A., Snow, Daniel D., Irmak, Suat, Iqbal, Javed, 2021

Evaluation of soil moisture sensing technologies in silt loam and loamy sand soils: Assessment of performance, temperature sensitivity, and site-And sensor-specific calibration functions
Transactions of the ASABE, Sharma, Kiran, Irmak, S, Kukal, Meetpal, Vuran, Mehmet, Jhala, Amit, Qiao, Xin, 2021

Water Use Characteristics of Weeds: A Global Review, Best Practices, and Future Directions.
Frontiers in plant science, Singh, Mandeep, Kukal, Meetpal, Irmak, S, Jhala, Amit, 2021

Spatio-temporal calibration of Hargreaves-Samani model to estimate reference evapotranspiration across U.S. High Plains
Journal of Production Agriculture, Kukal, M. S., Irmak, S., Walia, H., Odhiambo, L., 2020

Impact of irrigation on interannual variability in United States agricultural productivity
Agricultural Water Management, Kukal, M. S., Irmak, S., 2020

Light interactions, use and efficiency in row crop canopies under optimal growth conditions
Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Kukal, M. S., Irmak, S., 2020

Evidence of arithmetical uncertainty in estimation of light and water use effciency
Sustainability (Switzerland), Kukal, Meetpal S., Irmak, Suat, 2020

Interrelationships between water use efficiency and light use efficiency in four row crop canopies
Agrosystems, Geosciences and Environment, Kukal, Meetpal S., Irmak, Suat, 2020

Disk-till vs. no-till maize evapotranspiration, microclimate, grain yield, production functions and water productivity
Agricultural Water Management, Irmak, Suat, Kukal, Meetpal S., Mohammed, Ali T., Djaman, Koffi, 2019

Characterization of Water Use and Efficiency Dynamics across Four C3 and C4 Row Crops under Optimal Growth Conditions, Kukal, Meetpal, Irmak, S, 2019

Coupled Water and Light Use and Efficiency in Four Row Crops under Optimal Growth Conditions, Kukal, Meetpal, 2019

Irrigation-limited yield gaps: Trends and variability in the united states post-1950
Environmental Research Communications, Kukal, Meetpal S., Irmak, Suat, 2019

Patterns and Magnitudes of Spatial and Temporal Changes in Precipitation and Aridity Across 800 Great Plains Counties, Kukal, Meetpal, Irmak, S, 2018

Long-term spatial and temporal maize and soybean evapotranspiration trends derived from ground-based and satellite-based datasets over the great plains
Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering - ASCE, Kukal, Meetpal, Irmak, Suat, Kilic, Ayse, 2017

Observed Space and Time Changes in Air Temperatures and Daily Temperature Range for the Counties in the US Great Plains from 1968 to 2013, Kukal, Meetpal, Irmak, S, 2016

Quantification of spatio-temporal changes in climate variables, evapotranspiration and crop water productivity for maize and soybean in the Great Plains, USA, Kukal, Meetpal, 2015

Standardization of Automated Vario EL III CHNS Analyzer for Total Carbon and Nitrogen Determination in Plants
Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, Dhaliwal, G. S., Gupta, N., Kukal, S. S., Meetpal-Singh, , 2014